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An average global 2°C warming compared to pre-industrial times is commonly understood as the most important target in climate policy negotiations. It is a temperature target indicative of a fiercely debated threshold between what some consider acceptable warming and warming that implies dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system and hence to be avoided. Although this 2°C target has been officially endorsed as scientifically sound and justified in the Copenhagen Report issued by the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2009, the large majority of countries (over two-thirds) that have signed and ratified the UNFCCC strongly object to this target as the core of the long-term goal of keeping temperatures below a certain danger level. Instead, they promote a 1.5°C target as a more adequate limit for dangerous interference. At COP16 in Cancun, parties to the convention recognized the need to consider strengthening the long-term global goal in the so-called 2013–2015 Review, given improved scientific knowledge, including the possible adoption of the 1.5°C target. In this perspective piece, I examine the discussions of a structured expert dialogue (SED) between selected Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) authors, myself included, and parties to the convention to assess the adequacy of the long-term goal. I pay particular attention to the uneven geographies and power differentials that lay behind the ongoing political debate regarding an adequate target for protecting ecosystems, food security, and sustainable development

El consenso que ocurrió durante esta sesión fue que un nivel de 2 grados parecía completamente inadecuado dados los impactos ya observados en los ecosistemas, los alimentos, medios de vida y el desarrollo sostenible.

Un objetivo de baja temperatura es la mejor apuesta para evitar impactos graves, generalizados, y potencialmente irreversibles al tiempo que permite que los ecosistemas se adapten naturalmente, lo que garantiza la producción y la seguridad alimentaria, y permitir que el desarrollo económico prosiga de manera sostenible”.

vía Climate Change Responses | Full text |

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